Peter H Brown Clinical Psychologist

Psychology News & Resources

Spank Now, Pay Later? Children Spanked At 3yrs More Likely To Be Aggressive At 5

April 12, 2010 — Mums who spank their 3-year-olds may be increasing their children’s risk of aggressive behavior, such as bullying, by the time they turn 5, a study shows.

The study, published in the May issue of Pediatrics, adds to evidence suggesting that spanking and other types of corporal punishment set kids up for aggressive behaviors later in life.

“Children need guidance and discipline; however, parents should focus on positive, non-physical forms of discipline and avoid the use of spanking,” study researcher Catherine A. Taylor, PhD, an assistant professor of community health sciences at Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in New Orleans, tells WebMD in an email. “This message is consistent with that of the American Academy of Pediatrics, which ‘strongly opposes striking a child for any reason.'”

Taylor and colleagues asked about 2,500 mothers how often they had spanked their 3-year-old child in the past month. Nearly half of the moms said they had not spanked their child during the previous month, 27.9% said they spanked their 3-year-old once or twice within the last month, and 26.5% percent said they spanked their child more than twice in the past month.

The researchers also asked moms questions about their child’s aggressive behavior, such as whether they were bullies, cruel, mean, destructive, and/or prone to getting into fights with others at age 3 and again at age 5.

Although other studies have shown a link between spanking and aggressive behavior, the new study solidifies the connection because the researchers controlled for other maternal risk factors that might have explained the link, such as neglect, maternal use of drugs and alcohol, maternal stress and depression, and the physical or psychological maltreatment of the child.

“This study reinforces that any kind of violence or physical aggression in the home is another risk factor for kids being more aggressive in the future,” says Patricia Hametz, MD, director of the Injury and Violence Prevention Center and assistant clinical professor of pediatrics at Columbia University and director of the general pediatrics inpatient service at New York-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital in New York City.

Age-Appropriate Discipline

“The way you discipline depends on the age of the child, and pediatricians should give age-appropriate suggestions about how to discipline toddlers,” Hametz [says]. “Some people like time-outs, which remove a child from whatever it is that is overstimulating them.”

Another tactic is to reward good behavior. “Praising, pointing out, and literally rewarding good behavior is a better discipline strategy than punishing bad behavior after it happens,” she says.

Jennifer E. Lansford, PhD, a research scientist at the Duke University Center for Child and Family Policy in Durham, N.C., agrees. “These findings suggest that spanking has the unintended consequence of increasing children’s aggressive behavior, so the implication for parents would be that they should not use corporal punishment, but find other ways of managing their children’s misbehavior and promoting good behavior,” she says in an email.

This may include teaching about good and bad behavior and trying to prevent misbehavior rather than just reacting to it once it has occurred, she suggests. “Parents can use reward systems such as sticker charts, where a child earns a sticker or something else for good behavior, and special privileges such as extra time with mom or dad can be offered for completing the sticker chart.”s

Click image to read reviews

Learning Aggressive Attitudes

The new findings make sense to child psychologist Vincent J. Barone, PhD, an associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine and the director of Developmental and Behavioral Sciences South Clinic at Children’s Mercy Hospital and Clinics, also in Kansas City.

“The findings in this research are consistent with what we know about violent experiences for children. Whether a violent video game or corporal punishment, children learn aggressive attitudes and act them out when they are exposed to violence,” he says. “Children don’t learn peaceful ways of solving conflict when they are exposed to violence.”

Barone usually suggests that parents briefly describe the inappropriate behavior and then use a time-out.

Also, he suggests, “use your attention and passion to describe and praise positive behaviors such as cooperation, thoughtfulness, and respect for others.”

Sources

American Academy of Pediatrics

Denise Mann WebMD Health News

Share/Save/Bookmark

Reblog this post [with Zemanta]

April 16, 2010 - Posted by | Books, Child Behavior, Parenting, Resilience | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

4 Comments »

  1. […] Spank Now, Pay Later? Children Spanked At 3yrs More Likely To Be Aggressive At 5 (peterhbrown.wordpress.com) […]

    Pingback by Helicopter Parenting? New Book Advocates That Firmer But Fair Is The Way To Go « Peter H Brown Clinical Psychologist | May 21, 2010 | Reply

  2. this is ridiculous.

    Comment by brit | November 9, 2010 | Reply

  3. Dear Peter,

    We are creating a documentary on spanking and the international trend of banning it in the home. Our website is StopSpanking.org. I’m creating some short clips and I’m looking for compelling photographs. Where did you get the photo you are using? I need a photographer that takes genuine pictures of children, as opposed to portraits or “smiling children” pictures. Check us out… http://robbynpeters.wordpress.com/interviews/

    This is a sample trailer of an interview I had with Peter Newell at the Global Summit on Ending Corporal Punishment down in Dallas this summer.

    Thank you for your wonderful website and for being such a great advocate for children.

    Warmest thanks!

    Robbyn Peters Bennett

    Comment by Robbyn | October 14, 2011 | Reply

  4. peterhbrown Thank you for taking the time to inform us. The information in this post I have found to be very useful and will bookmark your site to gather any further relevant content.

    Comment by behavior modification program | December 31, 2011 | Reply


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: